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How To Avoid Problems With Employment References

How To Avoid Problems With Employment References

Providing references for former employees is easy if you parted on good terms. If you had to fire an employee, however, it can be a difficult decision about how honest you should be with the former employee’s potential new employer. If you tell that potential employer anything about the former employee that you can’t verify as factually accurate, you may be facing a lawsuit.

Defamation Lawsuits

To prove a defamation case, a former employee must show that you intentionally damaged his or her reputation by making harmful statements that you knew weren’t true. Pretty much any negative comment you make can qualify as a harmful statement that intentionally damaged the employee’s reputation. If you had to fire someone, the reasons behind it almost assuredly damage the employee’s reputation and by communicating those reasons to a new employer, it becomes intentional.

Defamation isn’t just limited to factually untrue statements about a former employee. If you tell the potential employer things that you suspect or strongly think are true, but can’t actually prove, then that may qualify as a statement that you “didn’t know was true”. Keep unflattering comments to yourself, and really just stick to the verifiable facts.

What to Do When Firing an Employee

First, when you fire an employee, tell them up front that you won’t be able to provide positive references. This alone can avoid a bad situation, since only a really daft employee would request references from you after being told that you would give him or her negative references. If it comes down to a lawsuit later on, it will be helpful to show that you in fact told the employee that you would not give them a positive reference, so make sure you tell the employee in writing and keep a copy.

Second, tell other employees that you simply had to “let the employee go” and don’t go into any detail. If you need to make a statement, make it brief, neutral in tone and let the existing employees know who will be taking over the former employee’s duties.

Finally, consider having the employee sign a release to protect yourself against lawsuits. Include a clause where the employee grants you permission to provide information to prospective employers and promises not to sue you for providing such information.

What to Say to Potential Employers

If a potential employer calls asking for a reference, do your best to stick to the facts and avoid making unflattering comments that make come back to haunt you. Here are some simple guidelines to remember:

• Be Brief : the best tactic when giving a reference for a former employee that may be questionable is to simply keep it short. Give out their dates of employment, job title, final salary and leave it at that.
• Be Factual : don’t speculate or hint at any potential wrong doing that you may honestly believe happened but can’t prove.

• Don’t Be Unnecessarily Negative : don’t start ranting or inflating any misconduct, just offer the information you can in good faith. Providing the information in good faith is a shield to a defamation lawsuit in many states.

• Don’t Cover-up : while you shouldn’t start speculating and bad mouthing the prior employee, at the same time you shouldn’t cover-up for him or her. If you outright lie and cover-up for a former employee, you can actually get sued by the new employer for failing to warn you about serious employee misconduct.

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When you need legal help for your business, please call Ascent Law LLC for your free consultation (801) 676-5506. We want to help you.

Michael R. Anderson, JD

Ascent Law LLC
8833 S. Redwood Road, Suite C
West Jordan, Utah
84088 United States

Telephone: (801) 676-5506

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About the Author

People who want a lot of Bull go to a Butcher. People who want results navigating a complex legal field go to a Lawyer that they can trust. That’s where I come in. I am Michael Anderson, an Attorney in the Salt Lake area focusing on the needs of the Average Joe wanting a better life for him and his family. I’m the Lawyer you can trust. I grew up in Utah and love it here. I am a Father to three, a Husband to one, and an Entrepreneur. I understand the feelings of joy each of those roles bring, and I understand the feeling of disappointment, fear, and regret when things go wrong. I attended the University of Utah where I received a B.A. degree in 2010 and a J.D. in 2014. I have focused my practice in Wills, Trusts, Real Estate, and Business Law. I love the thrill of helping clients secure their future, leaving a real legacy to their children. Unfortunately when problems arise with families. I also practice Family Law, with a focus on keeping relationships between the soon to be Ex’s civil for the benefit of their children and allowing both to walk away quickly with their heads held high. Before you worry too much about losing everything that you have worked for, before you permit yourself to be bullied by your soon to be ex, before you shed one more tear in silence, call me. I’m the Lawyer you can trust.