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How to Handle Business Debt

How to Handle Business Debt

Most businesses will incur some form of debt as a necessary part of operations, whether it’s the use of credit cards or bank loans. But unsustainable debt and interest charges, without increased revenue or investor capital to cover it, can put the health of any business in jeopardy. This section contains a glossary of terms related to “bad” debt, an overview of options for businesses that cannot pay their debts, a checklist to help small business owners prioritize their debt payments and other resources for entrepreneurs dealing with debt.

What To Do When You Can’t Pay Your Business Debts

When a business accrues debts it can be scary to try to address the problem. Creditors may begin threatening legal action against the business or you personally. Depending on how the business is organized and the degree to which you have agreed to guarantee the business’s debts you may have some options regarding how to deal with the problem and your creditors’ ability to take assets or funds in repayment. Your position will also determine whether bankruptcy is a good option to resolve your insolvency. An important exception relates to payroll taxes. Regardless of how the business is organized the Internal Revenue Service will hold a business owner responsible and personally liable for any unpaid payroll taxes. However, in many other circumstances how the business is organized can be quite meaningful.

Creditors and others can hold you personally liable for your business’s debts if you are a sole proprietor and can claim your personal savings in order to satisfy debts. General Partnerships are similar except that there is more than one owner involved. Every general partner can be held personally liable for all of the business’s debts, which can lead to some very uncomfortable outcomes. If you have a Limited Liability Company (or an LLC) as well as a corporation; they do not generally create personal liability for the business’s debts. However, you may voluntarily obligate yourself when seeking a loan or credit since many financial institutions will insist on personal liability as a condition of the loan or credit.
Bankruptcy is an option in many situations where a company is no longer financially viable. A bankruptcy should be carefully planned, however, since preparation can help preserve some of the company’s value or even help it recover. Sole Proprietors have the option of filing for either Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 bankruptcy if they otherwise meet the requirements for these forms of relief. Those who have waived the personal liability protection provided by LLCs or corporations may also need to undergo a personal bankruptcy. Chapter 7 bankruptcy involves the liquidation of all assets, the distribution of the monies to creditors, and the cancellation of the remaining debt. Chapter 13 bankruptcy involves an income-based repayment plan approved by a bankruptcy court. In this case none of the property is sold and no debt is cancelled.

If your business is struggling and may fail or enter into bankruptcy proceedings there are a number of steps that can be taken to protect yourself, the business, and the business’s assets. These suggestions are also intended to help avoid criminal liability. Here are some things to consider – Make sure your taxes are current. Cut your spending. Be honest about your debts. Don’t transfer business property to hide it from creditors. Don’t pay one creditor over another. Keep debt and bank accounts separate. Renew your insurance. Return unwanted leased property. Sell your business. These are just some options to consider.

Business Bankruptcy Lawyer Free Consultation

Whether you want to consolidate, fight debt, negotiate it down or file a business bankruptcy, call Ascent Law for your free consultation (801) 676-5506. We want to help you.

Michael R. Anderson, JD

Ascent Law LLC
8833 S. Redwood Road, Suite C
West Jordan, Utah
84088 United States

Telephone: (801) 676-5506

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About the Author

People who want a lot of Bull go to a Butcher. People who want results navigating a complex legal field go to a Lawyer that they can trust. That’s where I come in. I am Michael Anderson, an Attorney in the Salt Lake area focusing on the needs of the Average Joe wanting a better life for him and his family. I’m the Lawyer you can trust. I grew up in Utah and love it here. I am a Father to three, a Husband to one, and an Entrepreneur. I understand the feelings of joy each of those roles bring, and I understand the feeling of disappointment, fear, and regret when things go wrong. I attended the University of Utah where I received a B.A. degree in 2010 and a J.D. in 2014. I have focused my practice in Wills, Trusts, Real Estate, and Business Law. I love the thrill of helping clients secure their future, leaving a real legacy to their children. Unfortunately when problems arise with families. I also practice Family Law, with a focus on keeping relationships between the soon to be Ex’s civil for the benefit of their children and allowing both to walk away quickly with their heads held high. Before you worry too much about losing everything that you have worked for, before you permit yourself to be bullied by your soon to be ex, before you shed one more tear in silence, call me. I’m the Lawyer you can trust.