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Laws Businesses Need to Know

Employment contracts provide crucial structure for businesses and their employees. Before accepting an employment agreement, it’s important for employees to understand their rights. It is equally important for businesses to be well-versed in current employment legislation, in order to avoid costly and stressful legal disputes down the line.

Laws Businesses Need to Know

Here is an overview of three crucial employment laws that every individual and business should understand.


As evidenced by the fallout of the 2008 financial crisis, it is critical that workers’ hard-earned benefits are properly invested and adequately protected.

ERISA is a set of legislative measures that applies to private employers, and covers pension plans as well as healthcare benefits. Under ERISA, employers are required to adhere to several standards, including:

  • Providing employees with their benefit plan information
  • Creating a reporting and appeals process for employee grievances and appeals related to benefits
  • Complying with HIPAA, which prohibits discrimination in the selection and administration of healthcare plans

For employees, it’s critical to understand the differences between the pension plans that your employer offers. Not all plans are the same, and the plan you accept can play a major role in your retirement security.

The two primary types of pension plans are defined-benefit and defined-contribution. Defined-benefit plans guarantee that employees will receive a specific amount of pension funds when they retire.

Since paying into your pension fund entails specific investments, however, defined-contribution plans can vary based on how the investment itself performs.

In cases where employers offer defined-contribution plans, exercise special care in selecting your investment portfolio.


Private employers have some flexibility in setting wages, but there are certain parameters that have to be followed. The FLSA determines the national minimum wage, with a variety of adjustments based on the industry and job function in question.

One of the legal challenges with the FLSA is that, as a federal law, the minimum wage it sets may differ from state laws. In those cases, employees are entitled to earn the higher minimum wage.

For example, the federal minimum wage is currently $7.25 per hour. If you live in New York State, however, the state minimum is $9 per hour for most industries. By 2018, the state minimum wage will be $15.

That means that private employers in applicable industries will have to pay a minimum of $15 per hour, even if the federal minimum wage remains at $7.25 per hour.

The FLSA also covers overtime pay, a critical issue that many employers unfortunately overlook in order to cut costs. Overtime regulations apply to all “covered nonexempt employees”; exemption is determined by several factors including:

  • The industry
  • The size and revenue of the company
  • The employee’s income level
  • The nature of the employee’s job duties
  • Whether the employee is paid a set salary or an hourly wage

The FLSA requires that any nonexempt employee who works over 40 hours each week is paid at least their usual wage plus one half of that rate (commonly referred to as “time-and-a-half.”)

Remember also that when calculating eligibility for overtime pay, your employer is not allowed to average time worked over a two-week pay cycle. The rules apply to each individual workweek, regardless of when during the workweek those hours occurred.


Workers’ Compensation laws differ in each state, but they are based on the same general principles nationwide. This type of legislation protects employees in the event that they because injured or ill at their place of employment, due to the functions of their job.

Businesses who meet certain criteria are therefore required to pay into workers’ compensation insurance. Employees do not have to pay any contribution to this insurance and should never be asked to do so. Workers compensation coverage reduces legal risk and liability for employers, so paying into it can provide significant protective benefits.

In most cases, workers compensation coverage does not cover situations for an employee intentionally became injured on the job or engaged in negligent behavior such as substance abuse, which led to an on-site injury.

Another standard exception is when an employer’s egregious negligence has led to significant harm to the employee. For example, if a business knowingly exposes its employees to illegal toxic chemicals, employees who develop illnesses as a result can still reasonably pursue a lawsuit.

Businesses and employees should always check their state’s Workers’ Compensation laws to determine which exceptions could apply to their circumstances.


These employment laws, in addition to the many others that have been enacted, are there to protect both employers and their employees. Legislation differs by state and varies significantly based on industry and job function.

Free Consultation with a Utah Business Lawyer

If you are here, you probably have a business law issue you need help with, call Ascent Law for your free business law consultation (801) 676-5506. We want to help you.

Michael R. Anderson, JD

Ascent Law LLC
8833 S. Redwood Road, Suite C
West Jordan, Utah
84088 United States

Telephone: (801) 676-5506

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About the Author

People who want a lot of Bull go to a Butcher. People who want results navigating a complex legal field go to a Lawyer that they can trust. That’s where I come in. I am Michael Anderson, an Attorney in the Salt Lake area focusing on the needs of the Average Joe wanting a better life for him and his family. I’m the Lawyer you can trust. I grew up in Utah and love it here. I am a Father to three, a Husband to one, and an Entrepreneur. I understand the feelings of joy each of those roles bring, and I understand the feeling of disappointment, fear, and regret when things go wrong. I attended the University of Utah where I received a B.A. degree in 2010 and a J.D. in 2014. I have focused my practice in Wills, Trusts, Real Estate, and Business Law. I love the thrill of helping clients secure their future, leaving a real legacy to their children. Unfortunately when problems arise with families. I also practice Family Law, with a focus on keeping relationships between the soon to be Ex’s civil for the benefit of their children and allowing both to walk away quickly with their heads held high. Before you worry too much about losing everything that you have worked for, before you permit yourself to be bullied by your soon to be ex, before you shed one more tear in silence, call me. I’m the Lawyer you can trust.