When you make a purchase, you not only expect the product to work for its intended use, but also expect to be safe. Products liability refers to injuries caused by a defective product. A product can be defective for any of three reasons. First, a design defect; second, a marketing or information defect (failure to warn); and third, a manufacturing defect.
A design defect arises when a product is designed in a way that makes it unreasonably dangerous, and there is a safer alternative. Product designers have a duty to design their products in a way that minimizes the likelihood of injury to the consumer. That means that whenever possible, a designer must take reasonable steps to ensure the a product will not cause injury to a consumer when it is put to use. Even if the product is being used for someone other than its intended purpose, a designer of the product can still be held liable.
A marketing defect refers to a company’s failure to warn of certain risks. If a dangerous condition cannot be designed out of a product, the company is still required to warn consumers of the dangers associated with that product.
The last type of defect is a manufacturing defect. A manufacturing defect occurs when a particular product deviates from all of the other products produced by the manufacturer in a way that makes the product more dangerous. For example, where the rubber in a tire was improperly molded the result can be a defect that makes the tire more likely to explode.
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